UV phototherapy

A wide range of dermatological diseases are subject to prophylactic treatment or are treated successfully thanks to the well-known and well-established method called phototherapy. It is easy to use and its effect is based on the impact of some spectra of ultraviolet rays on the skin.


In general, the ultraviolet rays are classified in three groups depending on their wavelength: UVA (320-400 nm), UVB (280-320 nm) and UVC (190-280 nm). For phototherapy purposes, UVA and UVB rays are used because UVC rays do not reach the Earth's surface.


This method was introduced in practical dermatology in the beginning of the previous century. UV rays are effective in many ways and often phototherapy is the method of choice in the treatment of different diseases because it is easy, effective and very often safer than medicinal treatment.


Derma Vita is equipped with one of the most up-to-date booths for phototherapy manufactured by Waldmann, a leading medical equipment manufacturer. The booth is able to emit individually UV A and UV B rays, as well as to emit a combination of both types of rays. A dermatologist sets the exact intensity and duration of the procedure in accordance with the disease and the individual characteristics of the patient. In most cases, two to three irradiation treatments a week are recommended and the entire therapy consists of 20 to 30 procedures.


Psoriasis is the disease most commonly responding to phototherapy. It affects 1% to 2% of the Bulgarian population and its severe forms may result not only in discomfort but also in disability of the patient. In regard to the milder forms of psoriasis, phototherapy may be sufficient for remission of the illness. More severe forms require to combine the therapy with medications.


Other diseases that are successfully treated by phototherapy include: Atopic dermatitis, Lichen ruber planus, Pityriasis rosea, Vitiligo, Parapsoriasis and Prurigo.


Sometimes, redness of the skin and mild itching may occur after the procedure. They disappear during the next procedures after the parameters are adjusted.


In addition to the procedures for the entire body, phototherapy may also be used in areas that are difficult to reach, e.g. the scalp. For this purpose, Derma Vita is also equipped with a special UV-comb suitable for different dermatoses localised on the head.


Phototherapy is a very easy and effective method that is very suitable for busy people. This procedure takes minutes and does not require any special preparation, nor any specific care on behalf of the patient.

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